Terai Arc Landscape is composed of 14 Indian and Nepalese trans-border protected ecosystems of the Terai and nearby foothills of the Himalayas and encompassing 14 protected areas of Nepal and India. The area spans approximately 12.3 million acres (5 million hectares) and includes Nepal’s Bagmati River to the east and India’s Yamuna River to the west.
The TAL is home to many endangered mammals including the Bengal tiger the Indian rhinoceros, the gaur, the wild Asian elephant, the hispid hare, the sloth bear, the South Asian river dolphin and the chital, as well as over 500 species of birds, many endangered. Examples of birds are the endangered Bengal florican, the sarus crane, and the black stork.
Protected areas within the Terai Arc Landscape: The following are the protected areas within the boundaries of the Terai.